Frequently asked questions
What does a bone density scan for osteoporosis show?
Bone density measurement will show the normal or abnormal values that may indicate osteoporosis. It is the only test that provides a safe diagnosis of the disease. The lower the value of bone density, the greater the risk of fracture.
The test shows how weak the bones are, assesses the risk of fracture in the near future, and evaluates whether the bone mass is improving or getting worse.
The bone density test should be repeated every two years in patients already on medication.
What happens when there is osteopenia and what are the differences between osteopenia and osteoporosis?
If your doctor tells you that you have osteopenia, it means that the bone density is low but not so low that you can be diagnosed with osteoporosis. Osteopenia does not necessarily mean that you are losing bone mass, you may simply be in the category of those whose bone mass has always been low. That is, for your body this value may be normal. This category includes people with reduced bone density due to genetic factors or people with a special body type or with specific diseases.
In case of osteopenia, a second measurement of bone mass should be performed. The doctor will compare the two results and assess whether there is indeed a loss of bone mass or whether this value found in the first measurement is stable. Sometimes a 2nd and a 3rd measurement may be needed for the doctor to decide whether or not you need medication.
What is the primary prevention of osteoporosis?
A careful diet depending on gender and age is crucial for preventing osteoporosis. Getting the right amount of calcium and vitamin D is very important, along with an exercise program.
The regulation of hormones in cases of premature menopause or amenorrhea for a long time is necessary.
Particular care must be taken in order to maintain a normal body weight and quit smoking.
Finally, in cases where cortisone is required, it should be done according to the instructions of the treating physician and in very carefully measured quantities.